Although the media is often closely monitored for sexual and political content, many people have access to videos, satellite television, and the Internet. Under these layers of clothing or at private parties segregated by gender they might also wear couture from Europe. There is also a special form of dress called ihram that is worn during the pilgrimage. Oil money has brought a new wave of entrepreneurs and professionals from Europe and the United States. These forms of dress are generally made out of wool or cotton cloth and are not only modest but offer protection from the piercing sun and blowing sand. This outermost layer is usually white or brown and is worn with a close-fitting cap called a kufi.
At the same time, specific styles of dress have been shaped by other factors such as climate, cultural aesthetics, economics, trade patterns, and political ideologies.
Contemporary Islamic Dress
Girls were forced out of schools; professional women were dismissed from their jobs, required to wear the chaadareeor burqaand could appear in public only if accompanied by a male relative. Farmers, laborers, teachers, and doctors from Egypt, East Africa, and South Asia have been drawn to the Middle East for jobs that pay much more than similar positions at home. Men and women who have completed the Hajj are called "Hajji" or "el-Hajj" and frequently wear garments that display their new status. Although the Islamic religion began in the Middle East, in the early s there are far more Muslims outside that area, in countries such as Pakistan, India, Indonesia, and China. The Islamic Centre, Among Muslim women in Malaysia, Indonesia, and East Africa including immigrants from these areas who live in the United States and Europethe jilbab is used as a plain, "Arab" style of dress that covers the entire body except for the feet and hands and fits closely around the face. These forms of dress are generally made out of wool or cotton cloth and are not only modest but offer protection from the piercing sun and blowing sand.